By Yuri Bregel
Yuri Bregel's Atlas offers us with a bird's eye view of the complex heritage of this crucial a part of the Islamic global, that is heavily hooked up with the historical past of Iran, Afghanistan, China, and Russia; at various instances elements of this area have been integrated in those neighboring states, and because 1991 5 new self sufficient states emerged in critical Asia: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. protecting the 4th century B.C. to the current, the maps convey a number of the political entities, their approximate borders, the key ethnic teams and their migrations, army campaigns and battles, and so forth. each one map is followed through a textual content which provides a concise survey of the most occasions of the political and ethnic background of the respective interval. With designated maps at the distribution of the Turkmen, Uzbek, Qazaq, and Qirghiz tribes within the 19th-20th centuries, in addition to the positioning of significant archaeological websites and architectural monuments. The final map (Central Asia in 2000) exhibits present gasoline and oil pipelines.
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Additional resources for An Historical Atlas of Central Asia (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch Der Orientalistik - Part 8: Uralic & Central Asian Studies, 9)
Bishbalïq (Beiting) L. Ebi-nur H ot an hu ( Kath Cheleken I. T 7 17 Se yh un z R A A N H G Q A M a E Ili ü ög ü- 5/26/2003, 1:10 PM O 4 ra ta n Yi C a s p i a n K G 735 nas E L . A -köl la S N l S e a E R Madminiya DE ER K Gurganj Mizdahqan H Z U Lake Balkhash H ch K H G Q R Ay a su C Aral Sea L. Sarïqamïsh O ïSa r Z A P E z gu 2 71 I Second Q a g h a n a t e Q Ï P (687–742) C H A QUyghur Qaghanate S (from 744) L. Z aysa n Q A R L U Q S T ü r k Qa A 400 KM en J Ir g H 300 er ch H G H S ba Em 3 200 A iz Derbend 100 B Yayïq Itil Semender 0 1 sh rtï 2 Battle at Talas or Atlakh: the Chinese against the Arabs and the Qarluqs Borders of the Tang possessions in Central Asia by 750 A Itil Türgesh and Türk military campaigns 751 Borders of the Türgesh, Türk, and Uyghur Qaghanates E 19 B U L G Chinese military campaigns Borders of the Umayyad Caliphate in Central Asia by 751 Bulghar 1 Tibetan military campaigns N E T A B I T R E I P E M 4 Kabul C 9.
Tokharistan was the first target of Arab expansion after their conquest of Khorasan (which culminated in the occupation of Merv and Herat in 651). Merv remained the base of their further operations in Central Asia. In 652 the Arabs conquered Bactra (Balkh), although not permanently, and, according to some accounts, in the same year an Arab commander raided Khorezm, but without much success. During the internal feuds in the Caliphate in 661-665 there were no further conquests. Since the end of the 660s the Arabs began to cross the Amu-Darya raiding various cities and exacting tribute.
This execution caused a rebellion in Khorasan led by the Zoroastrian Sunbadh, which was suppressed in 70 days. Several more revolts and rebellions took place in the following decades in various parts of the caliphate, including Central Asia, but the most serious one was under Hashim al-Muqanna# in 774-780, during which the rebels, who consisted mostly of peasants, occupied a large area in Mavarannahr, including the city of Samarqand. The rebellion was crushed only after a year-long siege of a mountain fortress in the region of Kesh occupied by al-Muqanna# and the death of the rebel leader.