By James S Olson

Considering Deng Xiaoping's fiscal reforms all started within the early Nineteen Eighties, the People's Republic of China has rejoined worldwide politics as an international energy. the rustic is probably going to turn into extra open and its inner politics will without doubt have an effect on the remainder of the realm. With greater than 1.2 billion humans divided into hundreds and hundreds of ethnic teams, all ruled by way of the Han humans, China's politics and its overseas coverage are sure to be laid low with ethnicity and ethnic competition. This publication is designed to provide librarians, scholars, students, and knowledgeable readers a prepared reference of history details for studying ethnic occasions in China.

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Late in 1956, the central government established the Dali Baizu Autonomous Region. The Bai people enjoy a small measure of self-government, at least compared to many other groups in the People’s Republic of China, but the Communist triumph in 1949 nevertheless had a profound impact on their lives. Before the revolution, less than 10 percent of the Bai population owned 75 percent of the land, and most Bais worked as peasant farmers, tenant farmers, or farm laborers. In the mid-1950s, the central government nationalized all of the land and forced Bai farmers into collectives.

See BARGA. BAYAN MANDAL. See KHOTON. BAYAN-HONGOR. Bayan-Hongor is one of several vernaculars of the Ordo dialect of the Mongolian language. It is spoken primarily in the Hovd banner 24 BE of southwestern Mongolia and across the immediate frontier in the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China. See ORDO and MONGOL. BE. See LIMKOU. BEIJINGESE. The term ‘‘Beijingese’’ is used here to refer to the residents of the city of Beijing, the capital city of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).

Each Blang village may contain up to one hundred households organized into a dozen or more exogamous clans. SUGGESTED READINGS: Paul V. Hockings, ‘‘Blang,’’ in Paul V. , The Encyclopedia of World Cultures, vol. , China’s Minority Nationalities, 1989. BLUE MIAO. See MIAO. BO. See BAI. BOAT PEOPLE. The term ‘‘boat people’’ is used to describe a unique ethnic group of approximately 15,000 people who live permanently in junks and sampans that float in Hong Kong harbor. With the official transfer of Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) on July 1, 1997, the so-called boat people became citizens of the PRC.

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